What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?

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I am going to explain the blog post “What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?

Do you know the difference between HIV and AIDS? Although the terms are often used interchangeably, they are not the same thing. In this blog post, we’ll explore the differences between HIV and AIDS, repeating the keywords “HIV” and “AIDS” throughout to reinforce their distinction in your mind.

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10 Differences between HIV and AIDS

Here is a list of 10 differences between HIV and AIDS:

  1. Definition: HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which is a virus that attacks the immune system. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, which is a collection of symptoms and illnesses that develop in people with advanced HIV infection.
  2. Transmission: HIV is transmitted through bodily fluids, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk, while AIDS cannot be transmitted.
  3. Timeframe: HIV can go undetected in the body for years, while AIDS only occurs after HIV has severely damaged the immune system.
  4. Symptoms: HIV may not cause any symptoms, while AIDS symptoms include weight loss, fever, night sweats, fatigue, and infections.
  5. Testing: HIV can be detected through a blood test, while AIDS is diagnosed based on the presence of specific symptoms and a low CD4 cell count.
  6. Treatment: HIV can be managed with antiretroviral therapy, which can prevent the virus from progressing to AIDS. AIDS cannot be cured, but the symptoms can be treated.
  7. Prognosis: Without treatment, HIV can progress to AIDS, which can be fatal. With treatment, people with HIV can live long and healthy lives.
  8. Stigma: HIV is often stigmatized due to its association with certain groups, such as LGBTQ+ individuals and people who use drugs, while AIDS is often stigmatized due to its association with death.
  9. Prevention: HIV can be prevented through safe sex practices, using clean needles, and taking pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). AIDS cannot be prevented, but the risk can be reduced by managing HIV.
  10. Global impact: HIV affects millions of people worldwide, with the highest prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS has had a significant impact on global health and has led to increased funding and research for HIV.

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In conclusion, while HIV and AIDS are often used interchangeably, they are not the same thing. Understanding the differences between the two can help reduce stigma and increase awareness of prevention and treatment options.

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