# What is the difference between ACT and SAT?

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ACT and SAT are two standardized tests commonly used for college admissions in the United States. High school students typically take one or both of these tests to showcase their academic abilities and potential. However, many students often wonder what is the difference between ACT and SAT? In this blog post, we will explore the key differences between these two tests and help students determine which one is the best fit for them.

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## 10 Differences between ACT and SAT

Here is a list of 10 differences between ACT and SAT:

1. Test Structure
2. Scoring
3. Content
4. Time Limits
5. Math
6. Science
8. Writing and Language
9. Essay
10. Calculator Use

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1. Test Structure: The ACT is a paper-based test consisting of four multiple-choice sections: English, Math, Reading, and Science, plus an optional Writing section. The SAT, on the other hand, is divided into two sections: Evidence-Based Reading and Writing, and Math, plus an optional Essay section.
2. Scoring: The ACT is scored on a scale of 1-36, with the average score being around 20. The SAT is scored on a scale of 400-1600, with the average score being around 1050.
3. Content: The ACT has a stronger focus on science, while the SAT has a stronger focus on vocabulary and complex sentence structures. Additionally, the ACT includes trigonometry in its Math section, while the SAT does not.
4. Time Limits: The ACT allows an average of 1 minute and 5 seconds per question, while the SAT allows an average of 1 minute and 10 seconds per question. The ACT has a total testing time of 2 hours and 55 minutes (with the optional Writing section), while the SAT has a total testing time of 3 hours (with the optional Essay section).
5. Math: The ACT has a larger emphasis on geometry and trigonometry, while the SAT has a larger emphasis on algebra.
6. Science: The ACT has a Science section, while the SAT does not. The Science section on the ACT tests a student’s ability to interpret scientific data and graphs.
7. Reading: The ACT has a Reading section that requires students to read four passages and answer questions about them. The SAT also has a Reading section that includes passages with questions, but it also includes “Command of Evidence” questions that require students to support their answers with evidence from the passage.
8. Writing and Language: The ACT includes a section called “English,” which tests grammar and punctuation, while the SAT includes a “Writing and Language” section that tests grammar, punctuation, and usage.
9. Essay: The ACT Writing section is optional and requires students to write an essay on a given prompt. The SAT Essay is also optional, but it requires students to analyze an argument and write an essay.
10. Calculator Use: The ACT allows the use of a calculator for the entire Math section, while the SAT has two Math sections, one of which allows calculator use and the other which does not.

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## Conclusion

In conclusion, while both ACT and SAT serve the same purpose of measuring a student’s academic abilities and potential, they differ in test structure, scoring, content, time limits, math, science, reading, writing and language, essay, and calculator use. It is essential for students to do their research and determine which test is the best fit for their strengths and weaknesses.

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