What are Parts of Plants and their Functions?

Take a small flowering plant. Observe its various parts. Draw a sketch of the plant and label the parts of the plant.

There are five important parts in a flowering plant. These are called root, stem, leaf, flower and seed. Each part performs its particular function.

Root

The root is present under the ground. Its branches spread in different directions. The roots anchor plants in the soil and absorb water and minerals from the soil.

Stem

The stem grows above the ground. A stem has many branches. There are many leaves on the stem and its branches. The stem transports water and minerals from roots to the leaves. It also supports the plant.

Leaves

When you look at a plant, what is the first thing you notice? The first thing you usually notice in. a plant, is its leaves. Leaves are of different sizes and shapes. Usually, the leaves are green. The important function of leaves is to make food for the plant.

Flowers

The flowering plants have beautiful flowers. Different plants have flowers of different sizes and colours. Fruits and seeds are formed from the flowers. Did you ever wonder about the purpose of these colourful flowers?

Seeds

When seeds are formed within the flower, the area surrounding the seed ripens into fruit. Some fruits such as mango, apricot, peach have only one seed. Some fruits have many seeds such as watermelon, papaya, guava etc. When a seed is sown, a new plant germinates from it.

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