Spanish Verb Estar Conjugation, Meaning, Translation, Examples

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In this article, I am going to explain the Spanish verb Estar Conjugation, Estar synonyms, Example Sentences with Estar, Antonyms for Estar, meaning and translation.

In the vast landscape of the Spanish language, the verb “estar” stands as a beacon of versatility and complexity. From expressing emotions and states of being to indicating locations and conditions, “estar” weaves through conversations and narratives, adding depth and nuance to our expressions. Join us on an exploration of the conjugation, meaning, and significance of “estar,” a verb that encompasses the essence of being.

Check also: Spanish Verb Decidir Conjugation, Meaning, Translation, Examples

Origin and History of Estar

The Spanish verb “estar” finds its roots in the Latin word “stare,” meaning “to stand” or “to be in a place.” As the Spanish language evolved, “estar” took on a broader sense, encompassing the idea of “to be” in a specific state or condition.

What is the Meaning of Estar?

“Estar” represents the concept of “to be” in a temporary or transient state. Unlike its counterpart “ser,” which denotes more permanent characteristics, “estar” reflects feelings, locations, conditions, and other changeable aspects of existence.

Real-World Examples

Example 1: Estoy feliz de verte. (I am happy to see you.)

In this instance, “estoy” conveys the temporary emotional state of being happy.

Example 2: El libro está encima de la mesa. (The book is on the table.)

Here, “está” is used to indicate the current location of the book on the table.

List of Synonyms for Estar

  1. Permanecer (to remain)
  2. Encontrarse (to find oneself)
  3. Hallarse (to be located)
  4. Sentirse (to feel)
  5. Quedarse (to stay)
  6. Resultar (to result)
  7. Ubicarse (to be situated)
  8. Parecer (to seem)
  9. Asentarse (to settle)
  10. Residir (to reside)

Sentences For Estar

  1. Estoy cansado después del trabajo. (I am tired after work.)
  2. ¿Dónde estás en este momento? (Where are you right now?)
  3. Los niños están jugando en el parque. (The children are playing in the park.)
  4. Ella está preocupada por el examen. (She is worried about the exam.)
  5. Estamos listos para comenzar. (We are ready to start.)
  6. ¿Cómo estás hoy? (How are you today?)
  7. El restaurante está cerrado los domingos. (The restaurant is closed on Sundays.)
  8. Están felices con su nuevo hogar. (They are happy with their new home.)
  9. La película está en el cine ahora. (The movie is in the cinema now.)
  10. ¿Cuántos años tienes? – Tengo veinticinco años. (How old are you? – I am twenty-five years old.)

Check also: Spanish Verb Divertirse Conjugation, Meaning, Translation, Examples

Estar Present Indicative

  • Yo estoy (I am)
  • Tú estás (You are)
  • Él/Ella/Usted está (He/She/You are)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras estamos (We are)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras estáis (You all are)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes están (They/You all are)

Estar Preterite Indicative

  • Yo estuve (I was)
  • Tú estuviste (You were)
  • Él/Ella/Usted estuvo (He/She/You were)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras estuvimos (We were)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras estuvisteis (You all were)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes estuvieron (They/You all were)

Estar Imperfect Indicative

  • Yo estaba (I used to be)
  • Tú estabas (You used to be)
  • Él/Ella/Usted estaba (He/She/You used to be)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras estábamos (We used to be)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras estabais (You all used to be)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes estaban (They/You all used to be)

Estar Future Indicative

  • Yo estaré (I will be)
  • Tú estarás (You will be)
  • Él/Ella/Usted estará (He/She/You will be)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras estaremos (We will be)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras estaréis (You all will be)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes estarán (They/You all will be)

Estar Periphrastic Future Indicative

  • Yo voy a estar (I am going to be)
  • Tú vas a estar (You are going to be)
  • Él/Ella/Usted va a estar (He/She/You are going to be)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras vamos a estar (We are going to be)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras vais a estar (You all are going to be)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes van a estar (They/You all are going to be)

Estar Conditional Indicative

  • Yo estaría (I would be)
  • Tú estarías (You would be)
  • Él/Ella/Usted estaría (He/She/You would be)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras estaríamos (We would be)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras estaríais (You all would be)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes estarían (They/You all would be)

Estar Present Progressive/Gerund Form

  • Yo estoy estando (I am being)
  • Tú estás estando (You are being)
  • Él/Ella/Usted está estando (He/She/You are being)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras estamos estando (We are being)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras estáis estando (You all are being)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes están estando (They/You all are being)

Estar Past Participle

The past participle of “estar” is “estado,” used to form compound tenses like the present perfect.

Estar Present Subjunctive

  • Yo esté (I be)
  • Tú estés (You be)
  • Él/Ella/Usted esté (He/She/You be)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras estemos (We be)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras estéis (You all be)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes estén (They/You all be)

Check also: Spanish Verb Crear Conjugation, Meaning, Translation, Examples

Estar Imperfect Subjunctive

  • Yo estuviera/estuviese (I were)
  • Tú estuvieras/estuvieses (You were)
  • Él/Ella/Usted estuviera/estuviese (He/She/You were)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras estuviéramos/estuviésemos (We were)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras estuvierais/estuvieseis (You all were)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes estuvieran/estuviesen (They/You all were)

Estar Imperative

  • Affirmative:
    • Tú está (Be)
    • Vosotros/Vosotras estad (You all be)
  • Negative:
    • Tú no estés (Don’t be)
    • Vosotros/Vosotras no estéis (You all don’t be)


As we wrap up our exploration of the Spanish verb “estar,” we recognize its fundamental role in expressing temporary states and conditions. Whether it’s conveying emotions, indicating locations, or discussing ongoing actions, “estar” serves as a powerful linguistic tool. Embrace the dynamic nature of “estar” and let it guide your Spanish conversations with precision and depth. Remember, with “estar,” the journey of language learning becomes an ever-evolving quest for understanding the essence of being.

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