Pharmacy and Types of Pharmacy

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Today I am going to explain Pharmacy and Types of Pharmacy in details!

Pharmacy is the branch of medical science that deals with the study of discovery, development, and synthesis. manufacturing action, quality assurance, distributing, regulated affairs clinical uses and marketing patterns of drugs is called pharmacy.

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What is pharmacy?

Pharmacy is the art of creating and dispensing medicinal drugs. Pharmacy research covers both pharmaceutics and chemical chemistry, in addition to other specializations. The pharmacist can be described as a certified healthcare professional specializing in providing details about various treatments and medications to patients. They are well-informed about different types of drugs and their uses, and the side effects. Sometimes referred to as a chemist, pharmacists typically work in pharmacies and recommend prescription medications and prescribe medications or treatments prescribed by a doctor. There are many kinds of pharmacists. These include hospital pharmacists and community pharmacists.

What are the reasons to study for a pharmacy degree?

Prevent and treat disease

It is possible to study pharmacy. Suppose you are looking to aid people in your job. As a pharmacist, you’ll be at the forefront of care and prevention of illness in the world. This is a part of your universal job, meaning that the skills you acquire during a pharmacy degree are utilized everywhere around the globe.

Get responsibilities for patients.

This field is very focused on patients, and you’re most likely to be the first individual that patients seek information about their health. Pharmacists are typically advised to give medical advice if the symptoms of a patient aren’t extreme, and they should be able to evaluate the needs of a patient and respond to them with care.

Opportunities for development and research in the field of science

Suppose you’re looking to become a pharmacist. In that case, you’ll be able to take on research and development projects at work, which will further broaden your career possibilities and add the case of a variety in your job. It’s important to consider that research institutes and universities can also hire pharmacy graduates for this kind of work directly is of desire.

Acquire advanced knowledge and develop skills

When you work in a field like this, you’ll always be studying and improving your understanding of medicine and better evaluate and treat ailments. Other skills you can develop include efficient, professional communication, knowledge of instruments for pharmaceutical use, and knowledge of ethics and laws about the distribution of drugs.

Job stability

If you are a pharmacist, you will also have a better chance of securing a job because your pharmacy skills are highly specialized. Pharmacists’ expertise is demanded all over the world. In the year 2019, it was revealed the 98% of students studying pharmacy were employed within the first six months after graduating from their education (Prospects).

Flexible career opportunities

The ability to become a pharmacist can open doors to various positions and typically offer a good opportunity for professional advancement. In addition to becoming a pharmacist, you can utilize your knowledge of medical science to be a researcher or medical science liaison toxicologist or pharmacologist, among many other careers.

Access various industries

Alongside various positions, there are many fields that you can pursue after completing a degree in pharmacy. Most graduates become health professionals since the program is specifically designed for this type of job; however, many pharmacy students can also find employment in finance, business, and sales jobs or work in the health, childcare, and education fields.

The pharmacy degree incorporates sciences and maths, particularly chemistry and biology. Suppose you’re interested or are a pro in these fields. In that case, you will likely enjoy taking classes in pharmacy at the university level because you will be able to enhance your problem-solving and numeracy skills to apply these skills in a meaningful way.

Types of Pharmacy

It is essential to understand the various types of pharmacies as it can help you know the setting you’d like to work in, the people you’d like to meet, and the tasks you’d like to accomplish. Of course, the type of job you’ll be required to fulfill will depend on the pharmacy you work for.

Some pharmacies require close collaboration with other pharmacists regularly. In contrast, other pharmacies will require you to be in a laboratory analyzing the impact that certain medications can have on the human body. Review the different opportunities and duties available to you in each kind of pharmacy. You’ll be able to locate one that is well-suited to your talents, capabilities, and passions. Once you’ve found that, you’re able to begin your career at a pharmacy where you’ll excel as you build your skills and grow your career.

There are many different types of pharmacy, and other places where a trained pharmacist may work. This includes:

  • Hospital Pharmacy
  • Clinical Pharmacy
  • Community Pharmacy
  • Retail Pharmacy
  • Whole Sale Pharmacy
  • Industrial Pharmacy
  • Forensic Pharmacy
  • Compounding pharmacy
  • Military pharmacy
  • Veterinary pharmacy
  • Online pharmacy
  • Nuclear pharmacy

Hospital Pharmacy

Hospital pharmacy is a department or service in a hospital, responsible for the supply of medications to hospital wards as well as ambulatory patients. The pharmacist working in hospital pharmacy is known as hospital pharmacist.

Objectives of Hospital Pharmacy

  • To provide quality assurance for manufactured, assembled and purchased pharmaceutical
  • To purchase and supply drugs for inpatients, outpatients, hospital employees and for clinical drug trial.
  • Maintain patient’s medication profiles. Maintain prescription records.
  • Provide drug information on drugs and drug therapy to doctors, nurses, medical and
  • nursing students and the house staff Coordinate and control all drug delivery and distribution systems
  • To supervise the activities of pharmacy technicians.

Clinical Pharmacy

According to the European society of clinical Pharmacy, “Clinical pharmacy studies drugs or medicines concerning specific diseases.”

Clinical Pharmacy includes all the services pharmacists perform in hospitals, community pharmacies, nursing homes, home-based care services, clinics, and other settings where medicines are prescribed and used. The pharmacist working in the specialty of clinical Pharmacy is known as a clinical pharmacist. The primary responsibilities of any clinical pharmacist are:

  • Medication review in comparison with the diagnosis
  • Study about drug interaction for a specific prescription
  • Drug adverse reaction profiling Pharmacoeconomics studies
  • Drug formulary

Clinical pharmacists work directly with doctors, other health professionals, and patients to ensure that the medications prescribed for patients are best for his/her treatment.

Community Pharmacy

It is one of the pillars of the pharmacy profession; in this specialty, we provide pharmaceutical services at the community level. The fundamental duties and goals of any community pharmacy are:

  • To provide quality medicine to the general public
  • Provide gardens and counseling regarding medication views
  • Guide them regarding vaccination
  • Organized health camps
  • Organized health talks and seminars.

Retail Pharmacy

It is a business-oriented pharmacy where medicines are taken from distributors or whole sellers and provided to the general public on a fixed percentage of profit.

Whole Sale Pharmacy

It is the business-oriented type of pharmacy where the medicines are taken from manufacturer or distributor and provided to the medical stores’ pharmacies and hospitals in bulk on a fixed percentage of profit.

Forensic Pharmacy

The branch of pharmacy that deals with the study of drug, medicines laws are known as a forensic pharmacy. The forensic pharmacy deals with the legal aspects of pharmacy practice. The aspects on which forensic stress down are following:

  • Duties and responsibilities of all government authorities.
  • How to register new drug industry or institute.
  • How to obtain a license to manufacturer purchase and sale drugs/medicines.

Industrial Pharmacy

Industrial pharmacy is the fundamental backbone of the pharmacy profession. It is an institution where medicines are manufactured on an industrial scale.


Industrial pharmacy is a discipline that includes manufacturing, development, marketing, and distribution of drug products.

Firstly in Pakistan, the medicines are prepared manually. However, due to recent scientific advances, semi-automatic machines have replaced manual work.

Departments in Industrial Pharmacy

Pharmacy industry may have their own departments based on their requirement. A typical pharmacy industry contains following departments.

  • Production Department
  • Ware House
  • Quality Control Department
  • Research & Development Department (R&D)
  • Administration Department

Production Department

It is the department of pharmaceutical industries where medicines are formulated and then manufactured according to specification. The production section can be divided into the following departments.

  • Tablet section
  • Capsule section
  • Injectable section
  • Syrup section

Ware House

It is an essential section of any industry where raw materials and finished products are stored according to their storage requirements.

Quality Control Department

It is the department of pharmaceutical industry where analysis of raw material to finished products is performed to check their quality.

Research & Development Department (R&D)

The basic function of the research and development department involves synthesis of new medicines or work on the improvement of existing medicines.

Administration Department

This section is responsible for managing all the matters of the industry e.g. administrative work, managing all records etc.


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