Spanish Verb Ir Conjugation, Meaning, Translation, Examples

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In this article, I am going to explain the Spanish verb Ir Conjugation, Ir synonyms, Example Sentences with Ir, Antonyms for Ir, meaning and translation.

In the realm of Spanish verbs, few hold the power of movement and progression like “ir.” This versatile verb encompasses the essence of journeying, traveling, and moving forward.

Whether embarking on a physical adventure or a metaphorical one, “ir” propels us through the realms of time and space. Let’s embark on a journey of exploring the conjugation, meaning, and significance of “ir,” a verb that steers us towards new horizons.

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Origin and History of Ir

The Spanish verb “ir” traces its roots back to the Latin word “ire,” signifying “to go.” Throughout centuries, “ir” has evolved to become an indispensable part of the Spanish language, guiding speakers through the various paths of life.

What is the Meaning of Ir?

“Ir” encompasses the meaning of movement, indicating the act of going or traveling from one place to another. Beyond its literal sense, “ir” also holds a metaphorical value, denoting progress, growth, and development.

Real-World Examples

Example 1: Vamos al cine esta noche. (We are going to the cinema tonight.)

In this instance, “vamos” signifies the action of “going” to the cinema, indicating a physical journey.

Example 2: El proyecto va bien. (The project is going well.)

Here, “va” is used metaphorically to denote the progress and development of the project.

List of Synonyms for Ir

  1. Viajar (to travel)
  2. Desplazarse (to move)
  3. Dirigirse (to head towards)
  4. Partir (to depart)
  5. Progresar (to progress)
  6. Avanzar (to advance)
  7. Trasladarse (to relocate)
  8. Marchar (to march)
  9. Moverse (to move oneself)
  10. Caminar (to walk)

Sentences For Ir

  1. Voy a la tienda para comprar pan. (I am going to the store to buy bread.)
  2. ¿A dónde vais después de la escuela? (Where are you all going after school?)
  3. Ellos viajan a Europa este verano. (They are traveling to Europe this summer.)
  4. Vamos a la playa todos los fines de semana. (We go to the beach every weekend.)
  5. ¿Cómo va tu proyecto de investigación? (How is your research project going?)
  6. Camina hacia el parque. (Walk towards the park.)
  7. Nos movemos hacia el norte para el invierno. (We move north for the winter.)
  8. Los atletas progresan en su entrenamiento. (The athletes progress in their training.)
  9. Ella marcha en la manifestación. (She marches in the demonstration.)
  10. Ir al gimnasio es bueno para la salud. (Going to the gym is good for health.)

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Ir Present Indicative

  • Yo voy (I go)
  • Tú vas (You go)
  • Él/Ella/Usted va (He/She/You go)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras vamos (We go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras vais (You all go)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes van (They/You all go)

Ir Preterite Indicative

  • Yo fui (I went)
  • Tú fuiste (You went)
  • Él/Ella/Usted fue (He/She/You went)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras fuimos (We went)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras fuisteis (You all went)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes fueron (They/You all went)

Ir Imperfect Indicative

  • Yo iba (I used to go)
  • Tú ibas (You used to go)
  • Él/Ella/Usted iba (He/She/You used to go)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras íbamos (We used to go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras ibais (You all used to go)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes iban (They/You all used to go)

Ir Future Indicative

  • Yo iré (I will go)
  • Tú irás (You will go)
  • Él/Ella/Usted irá (He/She/You will go)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras iremos (We will go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras iréis (You all will go)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes irán (They/You all will go)

Ir Periphrastic Future Indicative

  • Yo voy a ir (I am going to go)
  • Tú vas a ir (You are going to go)
  • Él/Ella/Usted va a ir (He/She/You are going to go)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras vamos a ir (We are going to go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras vais a ir (You all are going to go)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes van a ir (They/You all are going to go)

Ir Conditional Indicative

  • Yo iría (I would go)
  • Tú irías (You would go)
  • Él/Ella/Usted iría (He/She/You would go)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras iríamos (We would go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras iríais (You all would go)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes irían (They/You all would go)

Ir Present Progressive/Gerund Form

  • Yo estoy yendo (I am going)
  • Tú estás yendo (You are going)
  • Él/Ella/Usted está yendo (He/She/You are going)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras estamos yendo (We are going)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras estáis yendo (You all are going)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes están yendo (They/You all are going)

Ir Past Participle

The past participle of “ir” is “ido,” used to form compound tenses like the present perfect.

Ir Present Subjunctive

  • Yo vaya (I go)
  • Tú vayas (You go)
  • Él/Ella/Usted vaya (He/She/You go)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras vayamos (We go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras vayáis (You all go)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes vayan (They/You all go)

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Ir Imperfect Subjunctive

  • Yo fuera/fuese (I went)
  • Tú fueras/fueses (You went)
  • Él/Ella/Usted fuera/fuese (He/She/You went)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras fuéramos/fuésemos (We went)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras fuerais/fueseis (You all went)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes fueran/fuesen (They/You all went)

Ir Imperative

  • Affirmative:
    • Tú ve (Go)
    • Vosotros/Vosotras id (You all go)
  • Negative:
    • Tú no vayas (Don’t go)
    • Vosotros/Vosotras no vayáis (You all don’t go)


As we conclude our journey through the Spanish verb “ir,” we embrace the spirit of movement and progress. “Ir” empowers us to explore new places, undertake exciting adventures, and move forward in life. Whether it’s a physical journey or a metaphorical one, “ir” guides us through the paths of life. So, go forth, explore, and embrace the endless possibilities that “ir” brings to your Spanish expressions. Remember, with “ir,” the journey of learning and growing never ends.

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