French Verb Devoir Conjugation, Meaning, Translation, Examples

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In this article, I am going to explain the French verb Dormir Conjugation, Dormir synonyms, Example Sentences with Dormir, Antonyms for Dormir, meaning and translation.

“Devoir” is more than just a verb; it embodies the concept of duty and obligation. This French verb is essential for expressing one’s sense of responsibility and the necessity to perform certain actions. Let’s uncover the intricacies of “Devoir.”

Check also: Ideology Synonyms, Antonyms, Example Sentences

Origin and History

The word “Devoir” traces its roots to Latin, where “debere” meant “to owe” or “to be obliged.” Over time, this Latin term evolved into “Devoir” in French. The historical journey of “Devoir” mirrors the enduring importance of duty and obligation in human society.

The Meaning of Devoir

“Devoir” encapsulates the ideas of duty, obligation, and necessity. It signifies a moral or practical requirement to perform certain actions, whether they pertain to responsibilities, tasks, or obligations.

Real-World Examples

1. Academic Obligation: In the phrase “Je dois étudier pour mon examen” (I must study for my exam), “Devoir” denotes the obligation or necessity to study as part of academic responsibilities. 2. Financial Responsibility: When discussing financial matters, “Il doit payer ses factures à temps” (He must pay his bills on time) highlights the financial obligation to pay bills punctually.

List of Synonyms (with English Translation)

  1. Obligation – Obligation
  2. Nécessité – Necessity
  3. Devoir moral – Moral duty
  4. Responsabilité – Responsibility
  5. Exigence – Requirement
  6. Impératif – Imperative
  7. Engagement – Commitment
  8. Contrainte – Constraint
  9. – Due
  10. Obligé – Obliged

10 Short Sentences for “Devoir” in French (with English Translation)

  1. Nous devons respecter les règles. (We must respect the rules.)
  2. Elle doit prendre soin de sa santé. (She must take care of her health.)
  3. Ils doivent terminer leur travail. (They must finish their work.)
  4. Le devoir exige de la persévérance. (Duty requires perseverance.)
  5. Je dois rendre visite à ma famille. (I must visit my family.)
  6. Il est impératif de respecter les échéances. (It is imperative to meet deadlines.)
  7. Ils se sentent obligés d’aider. (They feel obliged to help.)
  8. Le paiement est dû demain. (Payment is due tomorrow.)
  9. Son engagement envers la communauté est louable. (His commitment to the community is commendable.)
  10. Le devoir moral nous guide. (Moral duty guides us.)

Devoir Conjugation

Let’s explore the conjugation of “Devoir” in various tenses and moods, allowing you to express different obligations and duties.

Present Indicative

  • Je dois – I must
  • Tu dois – You must
  • Il/elle/on doit – He/she/one must
  • Nous devons – We must
  • Vous devez – You must
  • Ils/elles doivent – They must

Preterite Indicative

  • Je dus – I had to
  • Tu dus – You had to
  • Il/elle/on dut – He/she/one had to
  • Nous dûmes – We had to
  • Vous dûtes – You had to
  • Ils/elles durent – They had to

Imperfect Indicative

  • Je devais – I had to / I used to have to
  • Tu devais – You had to / You used to have to
  • Il/elle/on devait – He/she/one had to / He/she/one used to have to
  • Nous devions – We had to / We used to have to
  • Vous deviez – You had to / You used to have to
  • Ils/elles devaient – They had to / They used to have to

Future Indicative

  • Je devrai – I will have to
  • Tu devras – You will have to
  • Il/elle/on devra – He/she/one will have to
  • Nous devrons – We will have to
  • Vous devrez – You will have to
  • Ils/elles devront – They will have to

Periphrastic Future Indicative

  • Je vais devoir – I am going to have to
  • Tu vas devoir – You are going to have to
  • Il/elle/on va devoir – He/she/one is going to have to
  • Nous allons devoir – We are going to have to
  • Vous allez devoir – You are going to have to
  • Ils/elles vont devoir – They are going to have to

Conditional Indicative

  • Je devrais – I would have to
  • Tu devrais – You would have to
  • Il/elle/on devrait – He/she/one would have to
  • Nous devrions – We would have to
  • Vous devriez – You would have to
  • Ils/elles devraient – They would have to

Present Progressive/Gerund Form

  • Doivant – Having to

Past Participle

  • – Had to

Present Subjunctive

  • Que je doive – That I must
  • Que tu doives – That you must
  • Qu’il/elle/on doive – That he/she/one must
  • Que nous devions – That we must
  • Que vous deviez – That you must
  • Qu’ils/elles doivent – That they must

Imperfect Subjunctive

  • Que je dusse – That I had to
  • Que tu dusses – That you had to
  • Qu’il/elle/on dût – That he/she/one had to
  • Que nous dussions – That we had to
  • Que vous dussiez – That you had to
  • Qu’ils/elles dussent – That they had to


  • Dois – Must (informal singular)
  • Doit – Must (formal singular)
  • Devons – Must (informal plural)
  • Devez – Must (formal plural)


In conclusion, “Devoir” goes beyond being just a verb; it represents the essence of duty, obligation, and responsibility. Its historical journey from Latin to French highlights the enduring importance of these concepts in human society. “Devoir” allows us to express a wide range of obligations and necessities, whether they pertain to daily tasks, commitments, or moral duties.

“Duty” is a universal concept that transcends language and culture, and “Devoir” is your tool to explore and express this concept in the French language.

Mastering the conjugation of “Devoir” is essential for clear and precise communication, whether you’re discussing your obligations, responsibilities, or moral duties. “Devoir” empowers you to convey your sense of duty with eloquence in the beautiful language of French.

So, whether you’re a student, a professional, or someone who takes their responsibilities seriously, understanding and using “Devoir” and its conjugation is your key to expressing your obligations and duties effectively in French.

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